Taekwon-Do Terminology

Part of practicing Taekwon-Do is to be proficient in the basic Korean terms. This is for a number of reasons. First, it is out of respect for the heritage and History of Taekwon-Do and its Origins in Korea. Secondly, it is so a Taekwon-Do student can train anywhere in the world and join in understanding the commands given.
The beginner must learn the basics such as being able to count to 10, fist, punch, stance and block. As the student progresses further in their training they must be able to name every technique they perform in Korean.
On this page all the terminology up to and beyond what a student would need up to Black Belt. Lists of what Korean you need for each belt is in the Grading section. This is a resource page for students of Olympus Taekwon-Do and any visiting students who are browsing. Terminology

Counting one to ten

Counting eleven to twenty
11-Yul Ha-na
12-Yul Dool
13-Yul Set
14-Yul Net
15-Yul Ta-sot
16-Yul Ya-sot
17-Yul Il-gop
18-Yul Yo-dol
19-Yul A-hop

Counting in tens to one-hundred


Training Hall – Do-jang
Training Suit – Do-bok
Belt – Ti (pronounced ‘Tie’)
Instructor – Sebum
Student – Jeja
Attention – Charyot
Bow – Kyong-ye
Ready – Junbi
Start – Si-jak
Stop – Goman
Return to ready stance – Baro
Dismiss – Haessan
About turn – Dwiryro Torro
Spot Turn – Gijari-Dolgi
Relax – Swiyo
Pattern – Tul
Four directional punch exercise – Saju Jirugi

Stances - Sogi

Walking Stance – Gunnun Sogi
Sitting Stance – Annun Sogi
Parallel Stance – Narani Sogi
Parallel Ready Stance – Narani Junbi Sogi
Attention Stance – Charyot Sogi
L Stance – Niunja Sogi
Close Ready Stance ‘A’ – Moa Junbi Sogi ‘A’
Close Ready Stance ‘B’ – Moa Junbi Sogi ‘B’
Close Ready Stance ‘C’ – Moa Junbi Sogi ‘C’
Bending ‘A’ Stance – Giburyo Sogi ‘A’
Bending ‘B’ Stance – Giburyo Sogi ‘B’
Vertical Stance– Soojik Sogi
Fixed Stance – Gojung Sogi
X Stance – Kyocha Sogi
Low Stance – Nachuo Sogi
Rear Foot Stance – Dwitbal Sogi
One-Leg Stance – Waeybel Sogi
Diagonal Stance- Sasun Sogi
Whichever foot the most weight is resting on (or is bent the most), this is the name given to the stance: e.g. an L stance with left leg bent 

Arm And Hand Parts/Attacks

Forearm – Palmok
Inner forearm – An Palmok
Outer forearm – Bakat Palmok
Back forearm – Dung Palmok
Elbow – Palkup
Fore fist – Ap Joomuk
Back fist – Dung Joomuk
Knife hand – Sonkal
Reverse knife hand – Sonkal Dung
Fingertip – Sonkut
Knuckle – Songarak
Palm heel – Sombadak
Flat finger tip thrust – Opun Sonkut Tulgi
Straight fingertip thrust – Sun Sonkut Tulgi
Back fist strike – Dung Joomuk Tirigi
Back fist side strike – Dung Joomuk Yop Tirigi
Knife hand strike – Sonkal Tirigi
Knife hand side strike – Sonkal Yop Tirigi
Knife hand inward strike – Sonkal Anuro Tirigi
Back elbow strike – Dwit Palkup Tirigi
Side elbow strike – Yop Palkup Tirigi
Front Elbow Strike – Ap Palkup Tirigi
Upper Elbow Strike – Wi Palkup Tirigi
Straight Elbow Strike – Sun Palkup Tirigi
Double Side Elbow Strike – Jau Palkup Tirigi
Arc Hand – Bandal Son
Upset fingertip thrust – Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi
Downward knifehand strike – Naeryo sonkal Tirigi
Bear Hand – Gomson
Knife hand inward high strike- Sonkal Nopunde Anuro Tirigi
Reverse knifehand high strike- Sonkal Dung Nopunde Tirigi
Finger Belly- Songarak Badak
Grab – Japgi
Release from grab – Pulgi
Twisting Release – Bituro Pulgi
Pulling Release – Dangimyo Pulgi
Wedging Release – Hetcho Pulgi
Turning Release – Dolly Pulgi
Counter Attack Release – Yop Gong Kak Pulgi
Breaking Release – Gok Gok Pulgi


Punch – Jirugi
Obverse punch – Baro Jirugi
Reverse punch – Bandae Jirugi
Vertical punch – Sewo Jirugi
Side punch – Yop Jirugi
Twin vertical punch – Sang Sewo Jirugi
Twin upset punch – Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
Turning Punch – Dollyo Jirugi
Upward punch – Ollyo Jirugi
Upset punch- Dwijibo Jirugi
Downward punch- Naeryo Jirugi
Crescent Punch- Bandal Jirugi
U shape Punch- Digutja Jirugi
Horizontal Punch- Soopyong Jirugi
Knuckle fist Punch- Songarak Joomuk Jirugi

Foot Parts

Ball of the foot=Ap Kumchi
Foot sword=Balkal
Back Sole=Dwit Kumchi
Knee= Moorup
Back Heel= Dwitchook
Instep= Baldung
Side Instep= Yop Baldung
Reverse Footsword=Balkal Dung
Side Sole=Yop Bal Badak
(toes used to attack scrotum=Nang Shim)

Sections of the body and directions

High – Nopunde
Middle – Kaunde
Low – Najunde
High section – Nopun Bubun
Middle section – Kaun Bubun
Low section – Najun Bubun
Front – Ap
Side – Yop
Back – DwitUpward – Ollyo
Downward – Naeryo
Inward – Anuro
Outward – Bakuro
Straight – Sun
Upper – Wi
Flying- Twimyo
Jumping- Twigi


Inner Forearm Middle Block – An Palmok Kaunde Makgi
Outer Forearm Middle Block – Bakat Palmok Kaunde Makgi
Outer Forearm Outward High Block – Bakat Palmok Bakuro Nopunde Makgi
Outer Forearm Low Block – Bakat Palmok Najunde Makgi
Rising Block – Chookyo Makgi
Knifehand Guarding Block – Sonkal Daebi Makgi
Twin Forearm Block – Sang Palmok Makgi
Guarding Block – Daebi Makgi
Wedging Block – Hechyo Makgi
Inward Block – Anuro Makgi
Outward Block – Bakuro Makgi
Knife Hand Block – Sonkal Makgi
Reverse Knife Hand Block- Sonkal Dung Makgi
Upward Block – Ollyo Makgi
Palm Upward Block – Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi
Downward Block – Naeryo Makgi
Pressing Block – Noollo Makgi
Pushing Block – Miro Makgi
Circular Block – Dollimyo Makgi
Palm Block – Sonbadak Makgi
X-Fist Pressing Block – Kyocha Joomuk Noollo Makgi
X-Fist Rising Block – Kyocha Joomuk Chookyo Makgi
X-Knifehand Rising Block- Kyocha Sonkal Chookyo Makgi
Palm Pushing Block – SomBadak Miro Makgi
Forearm Guarding Block – Palmok Daebi Makgi
Waist Block – Hori Makgi
Palm Hooking Block – Sombadak Golcho Makgi
Twin Knifehand Block – Sang Sonkal Makgi
Knifehand Rising Block – Sonkal Chookyo Makgi
Reverse Palm Pressing Block – Bandae Sombadak Noollo Makgi
U-shaped Block – Digutja Makgi
(used against a staff (Mongdungi)
W-shaped Block – San Makgi
Double Forearm Pushing Low Block – Doo Palmok Miro Najunde Makgi
Knifehand Guarding Low Block – Sonkal Daebi Najunde Makgi
X-Knifehand Checking Block- Kyocha Sonkal Mumcha Makgi
Twin Palm Upward Block- Sang Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi
Fist Block- Joomuk Makgi
Scooping Block- Duro Makgi
Double Arc-hand Block- Doo Bandalson Makgi
Nine shape block- Gutja Makgi
Elbow Ready Posture- Palkup Junbi Jase


Front Kick – Ap Chagi
Side Kick – Yop Chagi
Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick – Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Cresent Kick – Bandal Chagi
Axe Kick (downward) – Naeryo Chagi
Hooking Kick – Golcho Chagi
Reverse Hooking Kick – Bandae Dollyo Gorochagi
Back Kick – Dwit Chagi
Front Snap Kick – Apcha Busigi
Low Front Snap Kick – Apcha Najunde Busigi
Front Rising Kick – Apcha Olligi
Knee Kick – Moorup Chagi
Side Piercing Kick – Yopcha Jirugi
Flying Kick – Twimyo Chagi
Twisting Kick – Bituro Chagi
Side Thrusting Kick – Yopcha Tulgi
Back Piercing Kick- Dwitcha Jirugi
Stamping Kick- Cha Bapgi
Vertical Kick- Sewo Chagi
Flying Front Kick- Twimyo Ap Chagi
Flying Reverse Turning Kick- Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Flying Side Piercing Kick- Twimyo Yop Cha Jirugi
Flying Twisting Kick- Twimyo Bituro Chagi
Jumping Side Kick- Twigi Yop Chagi
Rising Kick- Cha Olligi
Checking Kick- Mum Cha Chagi
Sweeping Kick- Suroh Chagi

Hand Parts

Fore fist=Ap Joomuk
Back Fist=Dung Joomuk
Side Fist=Yop Joomuk
Knuckle Fist=Songarak Joomuk
Middle Knuckle Fist= Joonji Joomuk
Thumb Knuckle Fist= Umji Joomuk
Knifehand= Sonkal
Reverse Knifehand= Sonkal Dung
Fingertips= Sonkut
Flat Fingertip= Opun Sonkut
Straight Fingertip= Sun Sonkut
Upset Fingertip= Dwijibun Sonkut
Thumb= Umjii
Forefinger= Han Songarak
Double Fingertip=Doo Songarak
Forearm= Palmok
Inner Forearm= An Palmok
Outer Forearm= Bakkat Palmok
Back Forearm=Dung Palmok
Double Side Elbow=Jau Palkup
Finger Belly=Songarak Badak
Heaven Hand= Hansul Sun

Body Parts

Skull=Dae Sin Moon
Temple= Gwanja Nori
Bridge of the Nose= Migan
Eyeball= Angoo
Mastrid= Hooiboo
Jaw= Yop tok
Point of the chin= Mit tok
Lips= Ipsul
Angel of the mandible= Wit Tok
Upper neck= Wit Mok
Adam’s apple= Gyol hoo
Windpipe= Soom tong
Collar Bone=Swe Gol
Wrist Joint= Sonmok gwanjol
Shoulder joint= Eukke gwanjol
Nose= Kotdung
Neck Artery= Mok Dongmaek
Sternum=Hyung gol
Heart= Shim jang
Solar plexus= Myong chi
Liver= Gan Jang
Umbilicus= Baekkob
Lower Abdomen= Ha bokboo
Pubic region= Chiboo
Groin= Sataguni
Scrotum= Nang Shim
Instep= BaldungUpper Back= Gyon gap
Small of the back= Gyong chu
Kidney= Kongpat
Coccyx= Migol
Backs of knees= Ogum
Achilles Tendon= Dwichuck himjool
Ankle joint= Balmok gwanjol
Elbow joint= Palgup gwanjol
Armpit= Gyodurang
Floating ribs= Nuk gol
Knee joint= Murup gwanjol
Inner thigh= Anjok hobok dari
Tibia= Kyong gol
Joint= Gwanjol
Finger= Songarak
Shin= Jong Kwaengi